The Judicial District Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction of Texas.
The geographical area served by each court is established by the legislature, but each county must be served by at least one district court. In sparsely populated areas of the State, several counties may be served by a single district court, while an urban county may be served by many district courts.
Ellis County currently has three (3) Judicial District Courts. The 378st Judicial District Court is designated to hear only family law cases, while the other two district courts hear only civil and criminal matters.
Judicial District Courts have original jurisdiction in all felony criminal cases, divorce cases, cases involving title to land, election contest cases, civil matters in which the amount in controversy (the amount of money or damages involved) is $200 or more, and any matters in which jurisdiction is not placed in another trial court.
While most district courts try both criminal and civil cases, in the more densely populated counties the courts may specialize in civil, criminal, juvenile, or family law matters. The Texas Judicial System, Office of Court Administration (March 2005).